Lets get to the basics of how to care for our beautiful succulents! What makes a plant a succulent? "By definition, succulent plants are drought-resistant plants in which the leaves, stem, or roots have become more than usually fleshy by the development of water-storing tissue. Other sources exclude roots as in the definition "a plant with thick, fleshy and swollen stems and/or leaves, adapted to dry environments".'
Less is truly more when it comes to their needs. You will notice that a succulent appears stronger when it is neglected. However, there are 1000s of different types of succulents. Each type have specific requirements for their optimum health. The following are general rules that apply to most varieties.
Water: Less is more. Watering can be kept to a minimum. Some varieties can withstand a drought for weeks. Many types of succulents are native to areas with extreme droughts and intense sun. Small succulents may need more attention until they develop a sturdy root system. These you may water weekly. For the bigger succulents, you can water once when the soil is bone dry or even a little after. Since the soil will be dry, it is best to soak the soil in a bowl of water for at least 15 min to make sure the water is absorbed all throughout the planter.
Watering plants that do not have drainage: Succulents are infamous for being used in mini gardens and terrariums. In these cases there is no exit for the water. To avoid root rot it, is best to make sure there are rocks at the bottom of the container. This will allow a place for the water to sit. Make sure to water these containers less and when the soil is completely dry to avoid to much sitting water in the container.
Light: Full sun to bright indirect light. There are many varieties of succulents that can be outside and enjoying the sun. Others are content next to a window or middle of a bright room. Succulents that are in need of more sun may give signs of less color and leaning.